There will be a need for employing more persons whenever expansion and diversification takes place. including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission from ASCD. Ensures Optimum Utilisation of Material Resources and Human Efforts: 6. Confusion, delay and duplication of work are avoided in good organisation. Organizational structure Magazine Article No organization design or method of management is perfect. This can be done through proper training and development programmes. The “middle-school philosophy”—which recognizes that young adolescents learn best when given a fair degree of autonomy, while at the same time “belonging” to a relatively small group of teachers and other students—has become dominant in schools serving the 5th or 6th to 8th grades. An organizational structure is a system that outlines how certain activities are directed in order to achieve the goals of an organization. Normally, these help remove corruption, secret and influence. 7. ix. Through a school's organizational patterns—whether the school is divided into teams or houses, for example, or whether it adopts a traditional or a block schedule—the staff can convey to both students and their parents that learning is important, that the business of the school is learning, and that the different elements of the school's organization are structured to support that learning. Education and Science Organizational Chart This one here can be used for showing the structure of science educational institutions. I have provided a similar chart at the end of each subsequent chapter. Minimum Possible Managerial Levels 8. Poor organisation may mean improper arrangement of facilities and failure to achieve goals. The top level executives perform the functions, like planning, organising, staffing, directing, controlling the lower level people. Sound organisation helps in coordinating various jobs in the department or organisation. Organizations are made up of people and their relationships with one another. Importance of organizational behavior: It is very important to study organizational behavior because it provides an understanding of why people behave as they do in organizations.In any organization, the importance of organizational behavior has tremendous necessities. The efficiency of business processes also affects organizational effectiveness. With these activities the organisation provides a framework within which the company grows. A school's organizational structures can go a long way toward promoting student learning. It is more than a mere chart—it is the best mechanism for management in action, i.e., leadership, motivation, coordination and control. For example, elementary-school teachers might let their students know that they are free to go to the computer lab or learning center once they've completed their work and mastered certain tasks; similarly, students in middle or high school could be told that if they are willing to commit to a heavy workload and fill any gaps in their understanding, they can enroll in Spanish II or an advanced placement course. The technological improvements are taking place every time and management is required to make use of them to exist in competitive world. A sound organization facilitates in the following ways to achieve organisational objectively: A properly-designed organization provides proper division of labor or departmentalization, consistent delegation of authority and clear authority relationships which facilitates smooth functioning of an organisation. Following are some of the advantages of a good organisation: 1. 1. Structure According to Drucker (1989), ‘is the correct design of structure which is of most significance in determining organizational performance’ Drucker , (1989), p.223 goes on to state that ‘Good organization structure does not by itself produce good performance. Structure: The organisational structure may be defined as the prescribed patterns of work related behaviour of workers which result in the accomplishment of organisational objectives. It ensures steady growth and diversification. And any form can suffer from a variety of problems that develop because of the design itself. Many middle schools have houses in place, which might be led for instance by four teachers, each representing core curricular areas, working together with a group of 100–125 students. It accommodates new ideas in respect of organizational relationship while retaining its basic structure. At the beginning of every school year afterwards, I recalled that moment and considered the environmental decisions that would build relationships and engage students in my classroom and across my team. Sample Essay. Module 2: Organizational Structure, by Pathfinder International, is a concise manual describing pros and cons, together with suggestions for how one might change the organizational structure one has. Image Guidelines 4. Division of work enables an individual to specialize in the job in which he is proficient leading to better utilization of resources and talents. Essays, Research Papers and Articles on Business Management, Organisational Structure: Functional Structure and Divisional Structure, Organisation Structure: Meaning, Elements and Forms, Types of Organizational Structure | Organization |Management, Importance of Proper Coordination to Achieve Organizational Objectives, Advantages and Disadvantages of Franchising, Importance of Sound Organisational Structure– Facilitates Administration, Promotes Growth and Diversification, Fosters Co-Ordination and a Few Others, Importance of Sound Organisational Structure– Enlarges Abilities, Facilitates Administration, Facilitates Growth and Diversification and a Few Others, Importance of Sound Organisational Structure – Aid To Management, Facilitates Growth of Enterprise, Stimulates Creativity, Adoption of New Technology and a Few Others, Importance of Sound Organisational Structure – Some Typical Results Provided by a Sound Organisation, Importance of Sound Organisational Structure – Helps in Optimum Utilisation of Technological Innovations, Helps in Administration, Easy Co-Ordination and a Few Others, Importance of Sound Organisational Structure – Facilitate Administration, Increase the Efficiency of Management, Adoption of New Technology and a Few Others, Importance of Sound Organisational Structure, Importance of Sound Organisational Structure – Facilitates Effective Management, Co-Ordination of Activities, Encouraging Growth, Channel of Communication and a Few Others. A flexible organisational structure will enable the employment of more persons without disturbing the working. Among the 10 measures of these organizational variables, teachers’ esprit and principal's charismatic leadership can contribute substantially to the prediction of school's strength of organizational culture. Effective management implies managerial adaptability to changing situations within the dynamic framework of an organisational structure. After the objectives of an organization are established, the functions that must be performed are determined. The structure of the company depends upon the structure of the organisation. with the help of clear-cut accountability, recognition, appreciation of talents, etc. When more activities are added to an enterprise then only a sound organisation structure will be able to maintain the smooth running of the enterprise. iv. A good organisation will divide and sub-divide the activities in such a way that the activities of different segments become complementary. teachers work completely independently of the regular teachers, resulting in fragmented instruction. A sound organisation structure encourages better relations between the worker and the management, and increases employee satisfaction and decreases employee turnover. The adjustment to new changes will require re-scheduling and re-adjustment of duties and responsibilities in the organisation. All teachers in the school work together to maximize the learning of students; “extra” teachers provide their services as part of normal classroom instruction. Facilitates Growth of Enterprise 10. Besides, the administration classifies the activities of the business department-wise and appoints the officers, assistants, supervisors, executives to facilitate the achievement of objectives. Instructional groups based on ability are not locked into the school's organization, but the school culture does not support flexibility regarding student assignment to different groups. Moreover, studies on teacher collaboration and teaming have shown that students benefit when teachers work together to promote student learning. Under good organisation, there is a chance of exhausting the worker’s ability in full and utilisation of resources effectively. Organizational culture refers to the types of activities that go on behind the corporate front of an organization. Administrators can support their teachers by conducting informal observations and by being … This reality can make altering the school's organization slow and difficult. Proper Emphasis on Staff 9. They are essentially social entities that are goal-directed, deliberately structured for coordinated activity systems, and is linked to the external environment. Of course, most school staffs inherit a preexisting organizational structure. Berkowitz, W., & Wolff, T. (1999). 5. Computers are essential to the company hence the need for people to understand, an organization uses computers to process data and easily make decisions. As well as helping me understand how hard it is to run an organization, they show me how they are managing to adapt or not to changing organizational structures. Organizations are systems created to achieve common goals through people-to-people and people-to-work relationships. How a school is organized is a matter for the staff to determine, and a school's organization should reflect the staff's commitment to the success of all students. Organizational culture draws criticism from some, and praise from others. 5 (5) Corporate Org Chart with Board of Directors. They are attached to experienced persons who guide them on undertaking various jobs. (6) It Facilitates Stability of Enterprises: A sound organisation has flexibility to adjust to the changes in the conditions, promotes effective leadership, promotes employees morale, provides for delegation of authority and develops coordination, co-operation and communication. During the past decade, differentiation has taken place at an accelerating rate in all of the three major units of public schools (instruction, administration, and support services). At all instructional levels, the school's organizational pattern can materially affect the manner in which students and teachers interact. It creates clear cut relationship between the departments and helps in laying down balanced emphasis on various activities. effective communication system, and well knitted relationships bring unity in command and direction, fixed responsibilities and division of work and facilitate control and co-ordination. Space has been allocated for different functions within the school independent of the instructional needs of students and teachers, even when the school building would permit more suitable arrangements. Content Guidelines 2. Avoids confusion and misunderstanding – By assigning definite duties and responsibilities, establishing definite superior-subordinate relationships, clear cut delegation of authority and by proper selection and training of the Staff, organisation brings definiteness and knits all its segments to operate together to realise its goals, Each of its departments or employees knows his specific mission, duty, authority and responsibility. While the structure that was in place prior to this growth may have been sufficient to keep operations going, growth can force a company to make structural changes to accommodate the new workload. Facilitates Training and Development of Managerial Personnel: 10. The organisation should be flexible to incorporate all new requirements. Better administration and control – A sound organisation helps in achieving better managerial administration and control. Organisation is a fine structured process in which individuals interact (acting and reacting upon one another) to accomplish objectives. Many schools—particularly at the elementary level, and sometimes motivated by state statute or by the promise of additional funds—have created more classes with fewer students in each. Unsound organisation becomes the breeding ground of dishonesty, whether in matters of effort or of money. Organizational Structure. Facilitates Administration 2. Organizational structure contributes to organizational effectiveness by ensuring that roles are in place that will allow organizational goals to be met (Fidler, 1997). But other school institutions like seminaries always foster a high level of discipline. 5 (14) Organizational Structure of a Company. These training institutes are collecting data directly from the field used in the training. Persons are allowed to try new ideas for improving upon their work. Ralph Heibutzki - Updated May 10, 2019 . These teams may be organized around a single grade level (a “2nd grade team”) or as “family” teams of, for example, the 3rd, 4th, and 5th grades. 9. Departments/units are formed on the basis of requirements of the enterprise. At the elementary- and middle-school levels, the master schedule conveys the relative importance of different areas of study: for example, when language arts are allocated 90 minutes a day, and science is allocated 30 minutes twice a week, students and teachers receive powerful messages about the supposed value of each subject. The activities of different departments are grouped together to achieve the business objectives. It encourages creativity, i.e. It is the human elements that drive the services and products that define an organization. 6. A good organisation clearly defines the scope of work of every person and allows them to grow in that sphere. Email . 7. Brings unity in direction, facilitates control and co-ordination – Efficient delegation and. Organisation classifies the entire business activities into departments. It ensures that every individual is placed on the job for which is best suited. IT organizational structure is an important concept to understand since it allows employees and customers to understand how computers and computerized machines benefit the organization. Still, there are important differences among schools at different levels. A sound organisational provides training to new staff members before placement and give refresher training to the existing staff members to improve their efficiency. The purpose of this study is to help administrators understand the total structure of school organization, particularly how support services complement the delivery of educational services to students. A focus on success is not a matter of spoon-feeding. The Importance of Organizational Structure in Effective Management. A good organisational structure will provide sufficient scope for taking initiative. Co-operation – A sound organisation ensures proper cooperation amongst its employees. With these general remarks, now we state here the important advantages of organisation: Organisation aids management in accomplishing enterprise objectives. Organizational structure and design. Training and Development of Personnel 13. The organizational structure of a school depends on its location and whether it is public, private or independent. Efficient organisation offers the following benefits: 1. In short, properly conceived, ideal organizational structure is sure to demand creative result from creative people and will drain routine and repetitive work to supporting positions and will at the same time, by establishing clear cut, accountability, provide recognition for the professional and the specialist in terms of their achievement. Chapter 11: ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES: CONCEPTS AND F0RMATS When two or more people work together to achieve a group result, it is an organization. with clearly defined jobs, authority and responsibility, resulting into reduction in conflicts and chaos in the organisation. Provision […] This structure is designed to mirror (and hence ease the transition from) the middle-school experience. Inadequate and unscientific organisation may result in duplication of work and efforts and some of the important operations may be left out. Middle schools, therefore, must provide both stability and stimulation, respecting the students' age-related concerns. On the other hand, if teachers don't plan their time effectively, much of it may be wasted; students might devote considerable class time to independent work, for example, that might otherwise be assigned as homework. 8. Sound organisation encourages human use of human resources. A definite organisation structure leads to smooth running of all its operations. When teachers must plan for 90-minute classes, they are likely to employ different approaches than when classes are limited to 40 minutes; they can engage students more deeply in investigations, and will probably vary their instruction more. It is indeed the foundation of management”. Now-a-days training institutes give training to the needy persons with the help of the different experts from various fields. 8. Necessary functions are determined and assigned so that personnel and physical facilities are utilized effectively. This highlights the importance of localized, within-industry learning spillovers. It affects employee performance. By providing training and practice on different jobs, and in different capacities, efficient organisation offers excellent scope to its employees for development. This definition is based on the concept of organizational commitment (Mowday, Porter, & Steers, 1979). In the scientific world, there is a lot of innovations and inventions identified in the area of production, distribution and personnel management. Enlarges Abilities 6. Duplication of work, wrong planning, inefficient personal, lack of motivation, improper allocation of duties and responsibilities, absence of co-ordination, communication gap, and improper instructions are the ingredients of ineffective administration. The Organizational Structure in the Philippine Education System 1. the organizational structure in the philippine education system 2. Organisation creates the relationship between top level executives and lower level staff members. (When these are multi-age groups and students remain with the same teachers over several years, teachers and students grow to know one another particularly well.) It can secure the optimum use of human efforts through specialisation. structure matters. Right persons are given right jobs. Education and Science Organizational Chart This one here can be used for showing the structure of … Many high schools establish schools-within-a-school to create smaller and more personal learning communities. Sound organisation (as a foundation for management process) can provide following typical results: i. In a good organizational structure, the conflicts between individuals over jurisdiction are kept to a … (3) It Ensures Optimum Use of Human Resources: Organisation affects human resources in a number of ways such as recruitment, training, placement of workers, bringing harmony in their efforts, improving the communication network and motivating them to improve their efficiency. The higher-ups, in turn, can concentrate on strategic issues-putting their creative abilities to good use. 14. and RESPONSIBILITIES OF SCHOOL MEMBERS. Tweet . Optimum use of resources – A well-defined organisation will lead to optimum use of resources. Best plans may fail if these are not executed properly. The purpose of grouping departments by function is to use the experience of … Delegation of authority provides sufficient freedom to supervisors and this encourages initiative, creative thinking, resourcefulness, independent thinking spirit of innovation and enterprise among them. Helps in Optimum Utilisation of Technological Innovations: The test of a good organisation is its success in adjusting to the new and changing situation. Organizational Structure of DEPED 1. As a result, unimportant and trivial issues are given top priority. Creation of organisational structure also necessitates delegation of authority among various managerial positions. quick disposal, minimum inter- department rivalry or friction, absence of divided responsibility, effective communication etc. It develops voluntary co-operation and best motivation of employees. Application of Ultimate Authority 5. Within the organizational structure of departments, students change classes (usually about every 45 minutes) to attend classes, each focused on one discipline. xiv. (9) It Ensures Co-Operation among Workers: A good organisation promotes mutual goodwill and co-operation among workers also. It is felt by people. In four-by-four schedules, students complete four “yearlong” courses each semester in periods of about 90 minutes each day. ADVERTISEMENTS: This article throws light upon the features of a Good Organisation Structure. At the same time, this chart helps to increase visibility across the entire organization. Encourages Initiative 14. In short, existence of a good organization structure is essential for better management. An organisation is concerned with activities such as recruitment of staff, delegation of authority, assignment of responsibility co-ordination and control of activities at different work centres, etc. Importance of Organization for Students. Nor are teams established only so that members of the faculty who are friends can work together. Below article speaks about organizational charts. There is a planning, policy making, direction and co-ordination in the administration level to achieve the objectives. A good organisation helps in proper assignment of jobs, gives due credit to all the employees, reduces conflicts, chaos and duplication of work. Before implementing one or the other, educators are well advised to consult one of the many excellent books that have been written on the subject. A one man business, will have no difficulty about coordinating the efforts of the buying, selling and other management functions of the business. Efficient organisation, thus, avoids all misunderstanding, confusions, conflicts, duplications and gaps. It integrates the various functioning of various departments. Thus, it facilitates human use of human beings. It is in this sense it is claimed that there is no substitute for good organisation. iii. It is the basis for necessary team work among the various members of a common enterprise and helps in coordinating their efforts. Organisation provides job rotation, job enlargement and enrichment. Better Human Relations and a Few Others. In general, block scheduling is advantageous because it provides longer instructional time and more opportunities for engaged learning. Permits Optimum Use of Resources 7. Sound organisation offers effective management of changes continuously and gives premium to innovations. Various managerial functions will be effectively performed with the help of an organisation. In short, a properly conceived organisation structure facilitates effective communication, precise delegation, smooth management, proper co-ordination and control, closer co-operation, effective leadership, higher employee morale, managerial efficiency, steady growth and diversification, optimum use of human and other resources, optimum use of technological improvements development of managers, creativity among the staff and accomplishment of enterprises objectives. Activities that should be integrated or centralized are spread out and put to improper supervision. Abstract. Sound organisation has flexibility and also stability. These resources include both human as well as other physical resources like material, machinery, money etc. Organisation is one of the basic functions of management. It helps the management in several ways. Extra. 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