In fall, The black gum often holds out a little later for its show, but when transitions you can't mistake it. 30' - 50' Mature Spread. Though it is not the dominant tree type in this oak/pine woodland, its presence still provides numerous benefits to wildlife. Nyssa sylvatica - Black Tupelo, Black Gum or Sour Gum (Nyssaceae) -----Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife, and a picturesque growth habit with blocky ornamental bark at maturity. In the autumn, the black tupelo displays a range of brilliant orange, red, and purple fall color. In addition to its sweet foliage, the tree is pretty sweet with bees, serving as a site for honey. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. So if you’re planting trees for bees, add this to your list. Nyssa sylvatica. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are white. With thick, deeply ridged bark, the black tupelo is able to withstand attacks from many deer species which are notorious for their bark stripping habits. Mature Height. The importance of Black Tupelo is high as its benefits are more and so are Black Tupelo Facts. Afterburner Black® Tupelo features rich green glossy foliate which ignites with brilliant fall color, ranging from scarlet to maroon, yellow, and orange. Your Tree’s Personality. Black gum features a straight trunk with unique bark that forms deep fissures with age. Tupelo Tower Black Gum has forest green foliage throughout the season. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. Scientific Name. Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft 3 (545 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.46, .55. The pith is chambered with greenish partitions. Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. The furrowed black bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape. Every gardener must look for the required information on this plant before planting it. https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeGuide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=793 Slow to Medium. The glossy pointy leaves turn outstanding shades of scarlet, orange and yellow in the fall. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica), or black tupelo, is a medium to large growing deciduous tree native to USDA zones 4 to 9.Few trees are able to compete with black gum in regard to summer and fall color. The bark of a younger tree is smooth almost like a cherry and gets rougher with age. The tupelo, or pepperidge tree, genus Nyssa, is a small genus of about 9 to … Hollow sections of black gum trunks were formerly used as bee gums by beekeepers.[14]. Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. The fissured grey bark provides winter interest, and the fall fireworks show is truly spectacular! This will not only add expertise to your gardening hobby, but it will also help you understand its characteristics. Plants are useful to human beings in innumerable ways. The black tupelo, or black gum, is a tree of great importance in these woodlands. The black tupelo is also known as the blackgum, sourgum, or Pepperidge tree. The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. Hudson River Park locations: Morton Street to Christopher Street (N1) Charles Street to West 11th Street (N3) West 11th Street to West 12th Street (N4) sections. Range: Eastern N. America - Maine to Florida, west to Ontario and Texas. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica On mature trees bark is deeply and narrowly fissured with oblong blocks resembling alligator leather. Buy Tupelo Tower™ Blackgum online. The fruits are consumed by songbirds, woodpeckers, wild turkeys, squirrels, foxes, and bears. Tappi J. Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica Tupelo Family (Nyssaceae) Introduction: From waxy spring foliage and brilliant fall color to beautiful winter form, the black gum shows great ornamental value. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. Details . Small greenish white flowers are borne in clusters on long stalks and are an important nectar source for bees. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. Reviews . Prune in fall if desired. Nyssa sylvatica provides a blue-black fruit that many birds and mammals make use of. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Trunk: Sturdy, dominant leader, ridged and furrowed, becoming blocky with age. In September, its dark green foliage gives way to intense red fall color with hues of orange, yellow, and purple, which makes it a wonderful selection for home landscapes. Some black spot may occur on leaves, but this usually does little to affect the ornamental value. Here are a few things to note if you’re considering adding one to your yard. bark, tupelo, black (hard wood) Classification: ECN Phyllis classification untreated wood bark: NTA 8003 classification [100] hout [110] vers hout [112] schors: Ash type: 575 degC: Submitter organisation: ECN (Netherlands) Remarks: calculated from ash-concentration: Literature: M. L. Harder and D. W. Einspahr: Levels of some essential metals in bark. Bark, Mature - Nyssa sylvatica: black tupelo Credits: Gitta Hasing, UF/IFAS. 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