[32], Jain tradition originally had four Simhasana-related stories and four vetala-related puzzle stories. After a flawless reign, he ascended to heaven. Emperor Vikramaditya (English Edition) eBook: Kay, Adity: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop. He was one of the greatest rulers of Gupta dynasty. The Hoysalas under Vishnuvardhana began to expand their territory initially by defeating the Cholas in the famous battle of Talakad in 1116 resulting in the Hoysala annexation of Gangavadi (part of modern Southern Karnataka). Further campaigns saw him gain control of the Gujarat region in western India, and eastern Deccan, in 616. Arts, Architecture and Sculpture flourished. Although the frame story of the Throne Tales is set long after Vikramaditya's death, those tales describe his life and deeds. Retrouvez Emperor Vikramaditya et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. In 2014, another adaptation was aired on Sony Pal.[63]. Vikramaditya cannot be based on Chandragupta II, since the Gupta capital was at Pataliputra (not Ujjain). This table also has this author's opinion in the third column where this author does not think that either Kalidasa or the king Vikramaditya lived in the first century BC. One of his queens, Chandala Devi, a princess from the Shilahara ruling family of Karad was called Abhinava Saraswati for her skills as an artist. Many describe him as a universal ruler, with his capital at Ujjain. Was the Kaaba Originally a Hindu Temple? Jetzt eBook herunterladen & bequem mit Ihrem Tablet oder eBook Reader lesen. Shiva then ordered his attendant, Malyavat, to be born in Ujjain as the prince of the Avanti kingdom and kill the mlechchhas. [15], Vikramaditya displayed his military ambitions even as a prince, prior to 1068, during the rule of his father Someshvara I when he led successful military campaigns as far east as modern Bihar and Bengal. [65] Historical-fiction author Shatrujeet Nath retells the emperor's story in his Vikramaditya Veergatha series. [24][4][25][5] It was only when Vishnuvardhana turned his attention to the north, conquered Nolambavadi, marched beyond the Tungabhadra river and reached Ballary and Kummata that Vikramaditya VI saw an imminent threat to his power. [47] [5], The earliest uncontested mentions of Vikramaditya appear in sixth-century works: the biography of Vasubandhu by Paramartha (499–569) and Vasavadatta by Subandhu. Vikramaditya’s empire stretched from present-day India to Africa and Rome. Amarasimha cannot be dated with certainty either, but his lexicon uses works by Dhanavantari and Kalidasa; therefore, he cannot be dated to the first century BCE (Vikramaditya is said to have established an era in 57 BCE). According to the above descriptions Vikramaditya lived for 117 years (102 BC - … Gold coins of the Kidarite Hūṇa Kings of Kashmir - 404 Tuysina/ Tujina (I or II? Malyavat was born as Vikramaditya; when the prince grew up, Mahendraditya retired to Varanasi. In fact, Vikramaditya started the title of Chakravarti Emperor by the kings in India. Noté /5. [35], In Jyotirvidabharana (22.10), a treatise attributed to Kalidasa, nine noted scholars (the Navaratnas) were at Vikramaditya's court:[12], However, many scholars consider Jyotirvidabharana a literary forgery written after Kalidasa's death. Vikram Samvat is the commonly used Hindu calendar and rightly so, in honour of one of the most courageous and able emperor. Vengi came under his rule again from 1093 to 1099. The Aulikaras used the Malava era (later known as Vikrama Samvat) in their inscriptions. After his death his descendents and Parthians controlled Iran. Vikramaditya perceived omens that his killer had been born. Simhasana Dvatrimsika (popularly known as Singhasan Battisi) contains 32 folktales about Vikramaditya. He held the Kollipakei-7000 province of Vengi for many years. Vikramaditya was real King. Konto und Listen Warenrücksendungen und Bestellungen. Chandragupta II (Vikramaditya) – The Most Celebrated King of Gupta Empire. Shiva then creates the three Tamil kings to defeat him: Vira Cholan, Ula Cheran, and Vajranga Pandiyan. Vikramaditya was the first king to hoist victory over the entire Arab world of the present day. [21][54] The Khambat and Sangli plates of the Rashtrakuta king Govinda IV use the epithet "Sahasanka", which has also been applied to Vikramaditya, for Chandragupta II. [57], The Vikramaditya of Ayodhya legend is identified as Skandagupta (r. 455 – 467 CE) by a number of scholars. [49] According to Raj Pruthi, legends surrounding this first-century king gradually became intertwined with those of later kings called "Vikramaditya" (including Chandragupta II). [49] Vikramaditya may also be based on several kings, legends about whom gradually coalesced into a tradition surrounding him. The Gupta Empire is the fourth largest empire of India in terms of area conquered ( 3.5 million sq km). Vikramaditya II (reigned 733 – 744 CE) was the son of King Vijayaditya and ascended the Badami Chalukya throne following the death of his father. After the Jain king Kumarapala (r. 1143–1172), it became fashionable among Jain writers to compare Kumarapala to Vikramaditya. He defeats Vikramaditya, and begins persecuting worshipers of Shiva and Vishnu. eBook Shop: Emperor Vikramaditya Hachette India von Adity Kay als Download. These were the limits of Vikramaditya’s Empire. Chandragupta II was a conqueror like his father Samudragupta. The famous king was the one who established Karttikadi era in 719-718 BCE which was referred to as “Krta”, “Malava-gana”, … He asked the king to name the child Vikramaditya, and told him that the prince would be known as "Vishamashila" because of his hostility to enemies. By P.N. [18][19], The Brihatkathamanjari contains similar legends, with some variations; Vikramaditya's general Vikramashakti defeated a number of mlechchhas, including Kambojas, Yavanas, Hunas, Barbaras, Tusharas and Persians. [23], Several works by Jain authors contain legends about Vikramaditya, including:[31], Few references to Vikramaditya exist in Jain literature before the mid-12th century, although Ujjain appears frequently. [17], Book 18 (Vishamashila) contains another legend told by Naravahanadatta to an assembly of hermits in the ashram of a sage, Kashyapa. Art, architecture, and sculpture flourished, and the cultural development of ancient India reached its climax. [49] According to Alf Hiltebeitel, Chandragupta's victory against the Shakas was transposed to a fictional character who is credited with establishing the Vikrama Samvat era. The throne has 32 statues, who are actually apsaras who were turned into stone by a curse. [26], Vetala Panchavimshati and Simhasana Dvatrimsika are structurally opposite. He achieved his ends with skillful opportunism and diplomacy: by making use of the Chola invasion of Gutti and Kampili and striking diplomatic relations with Virarajendra Chola, gaining the support his younger brother Jayasimha and of the Chalukya feudatories, the Pandyas of Ucchangi, the Seuna, the Hoysalas of Malnad, the Kadambas of Konkan and Hangal. (Hindi translation on images) 鷺 Chandragupta II (or Vikramaditya) was the most celebrated king of Gupta Empire. The King Vikramaditya inscription was found on a gold dish hung inside the Kaaba shrine in Mecca, proving beyond doubt that the Arabian Peninsula formed a part of his Indian Empire. [48], There is no historical evidence indicating that the nine scholars were contemporary figures or proteges of the same king. The King Vikramaditya inscription was found on a gold dish hung inside the Kaaba shrine in Mecca, proving beyond doubt that the Arabian Peninsula formed a part of his Indian Empire. Vikramaditya later arrived from Pratishthana, defeated the Shakas, and began the Vikrama Samvat era to commemorate his victory. Mitchiner 4821-4823. Later Jain authors adopted the 32 Simhasana Dvatrimsika and 25 Vetala Panchavimshati stories. Al-Biruni learned the following legend about the Shaka era: A Shaka ruler invaded north-western India and oppressed the Hindus. According to D. C. Sircar, Chandragupta II may have defeated the Shaka invaders of Ujjain and made his son, Govindagupta, a viceroy there. [17] According to a Satavahana inscription, their king Gautamiputra Satakarni defeated the Shakas. [1][2] Vikramaditya's reign is marked with the abolishment of the Saka era and the start of the Chalukya-Vikrama era. After hearing the vetala's stories, Vikramaditya performed an ashvamedha (horse sacrifice). [52], Rajbali Pandey, Kailash Chand Jain and others believe that Vikramaditya was an Ujjain-based Malava king. The Vikramaditya era was used in southern and western India. Chandragupta II (or Vikramaditya) was the most celebrated king of Gupta Empire. It can be concluded that two Vikramaditya’s flourished as kings of Ujjain, one in the 8th century BCE and the other in the 1st century BCE. Western Chalukyan commanders are seen controlling some other parts of Telugu country also and the Chola influence over Vengi disappeared for many years. Vikramaditya VI (r. 1076 – 1126 CE) became the Western Chalukya King after deposing his elder brother Someshvara II, a political move he made by gaining the support of Chalukya vassals during the Chola invasion of Chalukya territory. The great king Vikramaditya, whose name is counted among the best kings of India and in his name. Enamoured by its appearance, the king had it polished and set up in his court. However, scholars such as Ashvini Agrawal reject this account as inaccurate. It is a collection of 25 stories in which the king tries to capture and hold a vetala who tells a puzzling tale which ends with a question. [44], According to Ananta's 12th-century heroic poem, Vira-Charitra (or Viracharita), Shalivahana (or Satavahana) defeated and killed Vikramaditya and ruled from Pratishthana. Chandragupta II the Great (very often referred to as Vikramaditya or Chandragupta Vikramaditya) was one of the most powerful emperors of the Gupta empire. Virasena, the king of Sinhala, gave his daughter Madanalekha to Vikramaditya in marriage. According to the text (3.1.6.45-7.4), the first Paramara king was Pramara (born from a fire pit at Mount Abu, thus an Agnivansha). A. K. Warder notes that the Satavahanas were the only notable ancient dynasty who ruled from Pratishthana. He then turned his attention to the west, defeating three kingdoms and winning a naval battle near Elephanta Island in Mumbai Harbour. King Vikramaditya most likely was created for the same purpose, and many legends were later borne of him. The deity appeared to the Avanti king Mahendraditya in a dream, telling him that a son would be born to his queen Saumyadarshana. Since there is no surviving copy of Brihatkatha, it is not known if it contained the Vikramaditya legends; its post-Gupta adaptations, such as the Katha-Sarit-Sagara, may contain interpolations. Earlier sources call this era by several names, including "Kṛṭa", "the era of the Malava tribe", or "Samvat" ("Era"). Vikramaditya was his another title which means the “Sun of Prowess.” He further extended the boundaries of his empire and annexed the territories of Malwa, Gujarat and Saurashtra where ruled Great Satrapa Chieftains. After Manoratha defeated 99 of the scholars, the king and other non-Buddhists shouted him down and humiliated him at the beginning of the last debate. According to popular tradition, Vikramaditya began the Vikrama Samvat era in 57 BCE after defeating the Shakas, and those who believe that he is based on a historical figure place him around the first century BCE. According to D. C. Sircar, Hem Chandra Raychaudhuri and others, the exploits of these kings contributed to the Vikramaditya legends. If a limb of one of these miraculous statues was broken off and gifted to someone, the golden limb would grow back. [22], In the Kathasaritsagara recension of the 25 vetala stories, the king is mentioned as the ruler of Pratishthana. [34], Many legends, particularly Jain legends, associate Vikramaditya with Shalivahana of Pratishthana (another legendary king). According to his account, the king (despite his treasurer's objections) ordered that 500,000 gold coins be distributed to the poor and gave a man 100,000 gold coins for putting him back on track during a wild boar hunt. Although the Puranas contain genealogies of significant Indian kings, they do not mention a Vikramaditya ruling from Ujjain or Pataliputra before the Gupta era. The Empire. “In the Rajatarangini Kalhana mentions that Vikramaditya, the emperor of India, whose capital was Ujjain sent Metrigupta to be the ruler of Kashmir, which was included in the empire of the former… King Vikramadiya efernce in Bhavishya Purana. ????? [21] According to D. C. Sircar, Kalhana confused the legendary Vikramaditya with the Vardhana Emperor Harshavardhana (c. 606 – c. 47 CE); Madhusudana's 17th-century Bhavabodhini similarly confuses the two kings, and mentions that Harsha, the author of Ratnavali, had his capital at Ujjain. In Kshemendra, Somadeva and Śivadāsa's recensions, the king is named Trivikramasena; in Kathasaritsagara, his capital is located at Pratishthana. [41], According to a legend in Ayodhya, the city was re-discovered by Vikramaditya after it was lost for centuries. Vikramaditya, pleased with Vasubandhu's arguments, gave him 300,000 gold coins as well. Thanks A2A. [7] According to Subandhu, Vikramaditya was a glorious memory by his time. In this legend, Shalivahana (also known as Bhoja) is a shramana king. Peace reigns in the land of Magadha, under the rule of Emperor Samudragupta. This age is popularly known as the 'Golden Age of India'. [30], There were 18 kingdoms in Vikramaditya's empire of Bharatavarsha (India). Vikramaditya then declared himself king of the Chalukyas (655). Since the story mentions Bhoja (who died in 1055), it must have been composed after the 11th century. Vikramaditya II (reigned 733 – 744 CE) was the son of King Vijayaditya and ascended the Badami Chalukya throne following the death of his father. The kings have a number of adventures, including finding treasures and inscriptions of Hindu kings from the age of Shantanu to Vikramaditya. Currently a series Vikram Betaal Ki Rahasya Gatha is running on &TV where popular actor Aham Sharma is playing the role of Vikramaditya. Vikramaditya was his another title which means the “Sun of Prowess.” He further extended the boundaries of his empire and annexed the territories of Malwa, Gujarat and Saurashtra where ruled Great Satrapa Chieftains. Ānanda's Mādhavānala Kāmakandalā Kathā is a story of separated lovers who are reunited by Vikramaditya. By P.N. Pandey's reasons to place Kalidasa in the first century along with the king Vikramaditya , are given in Table 1 . According to D.C. Sircar, Kumaragupta I (r. 415–455 CE) adopted the title Mahendraditya. Vikramaditya VI (1076 – 1126 CE) became the Western Chalukya King after deposing his elder brother Someshvara II.Vikramaditya's reign is marked by the start of the Chalukya-Vikrama era.Vikramaditya VI was the greatest of the Western Chalukya kings and had the longest reign in the dynasty. [30] A hundred years after Vikramaditya's death, the Shakas invaded India again. King Vikramaditya … The King Vikramaditya inscription was found on a gold dish hung inside the Kaaba shrine in Mecca, proving beyond doubt that the Arabian Peninsula formed a part of his Indian Empire. [23], According to the Bhavishya Purana, when the world was degraded by non-Vedic faiths, Shiva sent Vikramaditya to earth and established a throne decorated with 32 designs for him (a reference to Simhasana Dvatrimsika). There is a difference of 135 years between the beginning of the two eras, and Vikramaditya and Shalivahana could not have lived simultaneously. [38][33][39] There are several variations of this legend: Vikramaditya is killed by Satavahana's arrow in battle; he marries Satavahana's daughter and they have a son (known as Vikramasena or Vikrama-charitra), or Satavahana is the son of Manorama, wife of a bodyguard of the king of Pratishthana. Mourning the loss of her lover, the courtesan turned to charity; known for her gifts of gold, she soon surpassed Narasimha in fame. Some legends describe him as a liberator of India from mlechchha invaders; the invaders are identified as Shakas in most, and the king is known by the epithet Shakari (IAST: Śakāri; "enemy of the Shakas"). [12] Although Yashodharman defeated the Hunas (who were led by Mihirakula), the Hunas were not the Shakas; Yashodharman's capital was at Dasapura (modern Mandsaur), not Ujjain. (Ref: page 315 of a volume known as ‘Sayar-ul-Okul’ treasured in the Makhtab-e-Sultania library in Istanbul, Turkey). [4][15], Old Kannada inscription (c.1083) of King Vikramaditya VI, at the Kalleshvara Temple, Ambali, Old Kannada inscription (c.1107 AD) of Western Chalukya King Vikramaditya VI, Old Kannada inscription (c.1108 AD) of Western Chalukya King Vikramaditya VI, Old Kannada inscription (1112 CE) of King Vikramaditya VI in the Mahadeva temple at Itagi, Old Kannada inscription (c.1122 AD) of Western Chalukya King Vikramaditya VI, Kaitabheshvara temple (c.1100) at Kubatur, Vikramaditya's rebellion, rise to power and Chola relations, Chopra, Ravindran and Subrahmanian, (2003), p.139, part 1, Sastri (1955), p. 174; Kamath (2001), p. 104–106, Kamath (1980), p. 115; Sastri (1955), p. 358, B.P. The King Vikramaditya inscription was found on a gold dish hung inside the Kaaba shrine in Mecca, proving beyond doubt that the Arabian Peninsula formed a part of his Indian Empire. (Hindi translation on images) 鷺 Chandragupta II (or Vikramaditya) was the most celebrated king of Gupta Empire. In return, he convinces the goddess to end human sacrifice. Emperor Vikramaditya, Adity Kay, Hachette India. Most other Vikramaditya legends note the king's capital as Ujjain (or, less commonly, Pataliputra), but the Satavahanas never had their capital at these cities. Shortly after Vikramaditya's death, Vasubandhu asked his successor, Baladitya, to organise another debate to avenge his mentor's humiliation. Here are the facts about King Vikramaditya and his Kingdom. Ujjain may have become a second Gupta capital, and legends about him (as Vikramaditya) may have developed. Vikramaditya, Shalivahana and Bhoja are described as Pramara's descendants and members of the Paramara dynasty. [49][55] The Guttas of Guttavalal, a minor dynasty based in present-day Karnataka, claimed descent from the Gupta Empire. [47] Ganapati's 16th-century Gujarati work, Madhavanala-Kamakandala-Katha, also contains Vikramaditya stories. [42][43] Book 18 of the Kathasaritsagara describes Vikramaditya as a son of Mahendraditya of Ujjain. By 1076, despite being surrounded by enemies at home (Someshvara II) and in Vengi and Chola country (Kulothunga Chola I), Vikramaditya VI successfully defeated his elder brother and took him captive. Kindle-Shop. [15] There are minor variations among the recensions; see List of Vetala Tales. Each day, the king would approach the throne and each day, another puppet would come to life and caution the king. Chandragupta II (Sanskrit: ????? Emperor Vikramaditya By Aditya Kay India, fourth century CE. (Ref: page 315 of a volume known as ‘Sayar-ul-Okul’ treasured in the Makhtab-e-Sultania library in Istanbul, Turkey). Sinha in George E. Somers (1977), p.214, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vikramaditya_VI&oldid=998215555, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 09:45. Sri Gupta, Ghatotkacha Gupta, Samudra Gupta… The Shakas advanced from Sindh to Malwa around the first century BCE, and were defeated by Vikramaditya. Vikramaditya was a legendary emperor of ancient India. However, many stanzas in this work are not common to its revisions and are apparent Gupta-period expansions. The ruling dynasty of the empire was founded by the king Sri Gupta; the most notable rulers of the dynasty were Chandragupta I, Samudragupta, and Chandragupta II alias Vikramaditya. Notable constructions include the Mallikarjuna temple,[11] the Mahadeva temple[12] the Kaitabheshvara temple[13] and the Kalleshvara temple. [24] Five primary recensions of the Sanskrit version, Simhasana-dvatrimsika, are dated to the 13th and 14th centuries. He is said to have told Vikramaditya that 1,199 years after him, there would be another great king like him (Kumarapala). Lifespan:- 117 Years 6. Vikramaditya: The Indian King- 1 st Century BCE Sl-2 Now, let’s have a look of the empires of so called Hindu King in vedic era(1 st century BCE), from where we can chase the modern history to understand the untold stories. [16] At the end of the story, the reader learns that he was formerly Vikramaditya. Proponents of this theory say that Vikramaditya is mentioned in works dating to before the Gupta era, including Brihatkatha and Gatha Saptashati. [20], Kalhana's 12th-century Rajatarangini mentions that Harsha Vikramaditya of Ujjayini defeated the Shakas. This theme is found in Jina-Prabhasuri's Kalpa-Pradipa, Rajashekhara's Prabandha-Kosha and Salivahana-Charitra, a Marathi work. In this debate, Vasubandhu defeated 100 non-Buddhist scholars.[8][9]. [33] Merutunga's Vicarasreni places his victory at Ujjain in 57 BCE, and hints that his four successors ruled from 3 to 78 CE. A major theme in Jain tradition is that the Jain acharya Siddhasena Divakara converted Vikramaditya to Jainism. He rewarded his younger brother Jayasimhavarma who was loyal to him, with the viceroyalty of Lata in the southern Gujarat . New alliances are made every day, trade and the arts flourish, and Chandra - the young prince - leads his father's horse across the length of Bharatvarsha as a part of the Ashwamedha yagna, cementing the emperor's influence. [30] At the beginning of the Kali Yuga, Vikramaditya came from Kailasa and convened an assembly of sages from the Naimisha Forest. By 1133 Vikrama Chola was able to re-capture Vengi from Vikramaditya VI's mild son Someshvara III. Little is known about Shanku, Vetalabhatta, Kshapanaka and Ghatakarpara. Following this advice, Vikramaditya found the site of ancient Ayodhya. [3] His rule saw prolific temple building activity. He was a Hindu king who ruled in first century BCE. Historians are still confused if Chandragupta II was the eldest son of Samudragupta. Paramara Kings Among the Paramara kings, the first one reigned between Name of King Years Paramar 2710 – 2716 Kali Yuga (392 – 386 BCE) Mahamara 386 – 383 BCE [6] According to the historian Kamath, Vikramaditya VI was a "great king who ruled over South India" and he finds a "pride of place in Karnataka history". An adaptation of Singhasan Battisi was aired on Doordarshan during the late 1980s. [20] The early Jain works do not mention Vikramaditya and the navaratnas have no historical basis as the nine scholars do not appear to have been contemporary figures. All these are falsehoods to undermine Hinduism and I have posted articles on each of them. Its existence (and its mention of Vikramaditya) is confirmed only by adaptations in surviving works dating to the sixth century and later and testimonials by contemporary poets. They ultimately defeat Shalivahana in the year 1443 (of an uncertain calendar era, possibly from the beginning of Kali Yuga). Often characterized as an ideal king, he is known for his generosity, courage, and patronage of scholars. [14], Book 12 (Shashankavati) contains the vetala panchavimshati legends, popularly known as Baital Pachisi. According to Rudolf Hoernlé, the name of the Malava era was changed to Vikramaditya by Yashodharman. A few legends call the king of Pratishthana "Vikramaditya". He dealt firmly with the revolting Kadamba feudatory of Goa but gave his daughter Maila Devi in marriage to King Jayakeshi II. "Vikramaditya" was a common title adopted by several Indian kings, and the Vikramaditya legends may be embellished accounts of different kings (particularly Chandragupta II). He was the greatest of the Western Chalukya kings and had the longest reign in the dynasty. Vasubandhu later taught Buddhism to Prince Baladitya and converted the queen to Buddhism after the king's death. According to the legend, Vikramaditya was an adversary of Narasimha who invaded Dakshinapatha and besieged Pratishthana; he was defeated and forced to retreat. [61] Indian films on king Vikramaditya include G. V. Sane's Vikram Satvapariksha (1921), Nanubhai B. Desai's Vikram Charitra (1924), Harshadrai Sakerlal Mehta's Vikram Charitra (1933), Vikram Shashikala (1949), Vijay Bhatt's Vikramaditya (1945), Kemparaj Urs' Raja Vikrama (1950), Dhirubhai Desai's Raja Vikram (1957), Chandrasekhara Rao Jampana's Bhatti Vikramarka (1960), T. R. Raghunath's Vikramaadhithan (1962), Chakravarty Vikramaditya (1964), S. N. Tripathi's Maharaja Vikram (1965), G. Suryam's Vikramarka Vijayam (1971), Shantilal Soni's Vikram Vetal (1986), and Ravi Raja Pinisetty's Raja Vikramarka (1990)[62], Vikram Aur Betaal, which appeared on Doordarshan in the 1980s, was based on Baital Pachisi. Four days after the Hindu festival of Diwali is the Padwa or Varshapratipada, the day on which the coronation of King Vikramaditya is believed to be held. Prime Einkaufswagen. The fifty-year reign of Vikramaditya VI, the most successful of the later Chalukya rulers, was an important period in Karnataka's history and is referred to … [53], Some scholars, including D. R. Bhandarkar, V. V. Mirashi and D. C. Sircar, believe that Vikramaditya is probably based on the Gupta king Chandragupta II. For several decades, the Hoysalas had been faithful vassals of the Chalukyas. Enamoured by its appearance, the king had it polished and set up in his court. Vansh:- Agni Vansh 3. Vikramaditya was also described as an adversary of the Pratishthana-based king Satavahana (or Shalivahana) in a number of legends. Vikramaditya defeated the Shakas of Arabia and incorporated that part to his empire. [42] The Vikramaditya mentioned in Paramartha's fourth–fifth century CE biography of Vasubandhu is generally identified with a Gupta king, such as Skandagupta[43] or Purugupta. Bhartrhari (भर्तृहरि) was the elder son of King Gandharva-Sena. Vikramaditya laid the foundation of Vardhan Dynasty. Although Vikramaditya agrees to sacrifice himself, the goddess fulfills his wish without the sacrifice. Bestseller Neuerscheinungen Preishits … He sent his vetala to find the child; the vetala traced Satavahana in Pratishthana, and Vikramaditya led an army there. In the Vetala tales, Vikramaditya is the central character of the frame story but is unconnected with the individual tales except for hearing them from the vetala. [19][20], The balance of power changed again in 1069 with the death of Virarajendra Chola. In this version, that king is named Narasimha (not Shalivahana) and Vikramaditya's capital is Pataliputra (not Ujjain). Vikramaditya was her lover for some time before secretly returning to Pataliputra. Vikramaditya (2nd son of Gandharvasena born in 101 BCE) 82 BCE – 19 CE, of the conquered Babylon, Persia, Turks led Vikramaditya to the Arabia. Achetez et téléchargez ebook Emperor Vikramaditya (English Edition): Boutique Kindle - Genre Fiction : Amazon.fr. [23], In most of the legends Vikramaditya had his capital at Ujjain, although some mention him as king of Pataliputra (the Gupta capital). There is no other evidence that he inspired the Vikramaditya legends. [47] Shalivahana's associate, Shudraka, later allied with Vikramaditya's successors and defeated Shalivahana's descendants. Chandragupta II (Gupta script: Cha-ndra-gu-pta, r. c. 380 – c. 415 CE), also known by his title Vikramaditya, was one of the most powerful emperors of the Gupta Empire in northern India. Gorakhnath, Bhartrhari, Lomaharsana, Saunaka and other sages recited the Puranas and the Upapuranas. “KING VIKRAMADITYA~ THE FIRST” OF UJJAIN whose chronology was a mystery vexing the Indian historians, has been solved and on 17 th September we would be celebrating 2735 th year of his Crowning as the victorious king of Ujjain after defeating the Shakas in 719BCE. [12] The earliest mention of the Shaka era as the Shalivahana era occurs in the 13th century, and may have been an attempt to remove the era's foreign association.[13]. Cambridge University press", "Salivahana and the Salivahana Saptasati", PM Narendra Modi dedicates largest warship INS Vikramaditya to the nation, pitches for self-reliance, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vikramaditya&oldid=1002478615, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles which use infobox templates with no data rows, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 17:21. Stock sur Amazon.fr Matrigupta abdicated the throne and each day, another puppet would come to and. Encroachment over Vengi disappeared for many years out of the Chalukyas Kathasaritsagara describes Vikramaditya a. Two eras, and many parts of Modern day China, Entire Middle East and many were... 'S grandson, subjugated them and other devas told Shiva that the scholars... Vikramaditya may also be based on Skandagupta Shiva and Vishnu 's grandson, subjugated and! 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