But unlike moles, voles grow short, thin tails that grow to be about ¾-inch long. • Moles are found in the subterranean tunnels more than on the ground whereas voles mostly inhabit the ground and rest or sleep inside the underground tunnels. Identifying Voles and Vole Damage. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Why is it important to know the difference between a mole and a vole? They don’t have any external ears. Mike McGrath has some tips to help you deal with any problems the furry little creatures cause. You can see its eyes and ears, but they are tiny. As earlier mentioned, voles consume plants, and thus have a great potential to cause some serious damage to yo… The tunnels are dug at a rate of 18 feet per hour and can add 150 feet of new tunnels in the lawn each day. One day a plant will be beautiful, and a few days later, it will have fallen over with the roots gnawed off. Mole Damage. Shrews have many habitats, depending on the species. Place a box or bucket over the trap as voles prefer to take the bait from under cover. Voles have small ears that sit on top of their heads. But rodents do exploit mole tunnels to get underneath your plants and gnaw at their roots, so moles can play a role in plant damage, even though they do not eat plants. The first distinction between moles and voles is that moles are mammals; moles belong to the family, Talpidae, while voles are rodents and belong to the family, Cricetidae. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. By Secure Lawn. Although mole and vole do sound informally similar, they are different animals of two taxonomic orders. Like moles, voles grow a range of gray to dark-brown colored fur. They are covered by a thick fur on their heads. People untrained in identifying these creatures may initially think the same thing about moles, such as the Eastern mole (Scalopus aquaticus), based on body size and the color of the fur. Therefore, voles are observed more often than moles. Mole droppings are larger than vole ones but are harder to spot because they remain mostly underground. Mole vs Vole . Damage by meadow voles is usually to the base of plants and fruit trees. 16. Holes in your lawn can multiply if your yard has moles, voles or groundhogs. At this time, the grubs are small and close to the surface, so the contact insecticide will be very effective in eradicating the young grubs. Due to their distinct food and feeding habits, the damage caused by voles and moles will be quite different. Due to the temporary residual nature of castor oil products for repelling moles and voles, they are not very effective. Voles “V”, on the other hand, are vegetarians and eat the roots and stems of plants. It will need to be 12 inches above ground with 6-10 inches buried into the ground to prevent the vole from burrowing under the fence. But if you take a really good look at a mole's face, you will see the difference right away. A mole is 4 to 7 inches in length with paddle-shaped feet and prominent digging claws. Another dead giveaway to identify a mole is its big forefeet (used in digging). Once you determine which rodent is the culprit responsible for the tunnels in your yard, you can proceed with management. Meadow voles, the most common voles in Pennsylvania, are herbivores and eat a variety of grasses, seeds, and roots. But so is a vole. This makes concave little passageways open to the surface. There are many differences exhibited between moles and voles. 5 Signs There Are Mice or Rats In Your Home, What to Do When Your Mouse Bait is Repeatedly Stolen, 3 Ways to Keep Rabbits Out of Your Garden, How to Control Japanese Beetles in Your Lawn and Garden, How to Spot a Grub Problem: Birds and Animals Digging in Your Lawn, How to Identify a Rat Infestation in Your Home, The Best Ways to Rid Your Yard of Groundhogs. They can also be hard to get rid of. Correct identification of your burrowing pest is the first step towards effective control. Moles have a hairless, pointed snout that extends nearly a half-inch beyond their mouths. Moles can dig surface tunnels at a rate of 18 feet/hour. Meadow voles look like field mice with short tails.Courtesy of John White, Pine voles create golf ball-sized exit holes in their tunnels.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension. For additional support in implementing any of these at-home pest control methods, or for further assistance with a burrowing pest problem, feel free to give us a call. https://moleremovalnashville.com/difference-mole-vs-vole-animals When using any type of poison or chemical, carefully read and follow the label instructions. Like moles, voles also tunnel and create runways through your lawn. Many mole killers (poison) are advertised and sold. Identify the shrew, mole or vole by its eyes. They also can do damage to young trees as they like to eat tree bark and roots. It digs characteristic volcano-shaped hills in the lawn. Trapping is one of the most successful ways to get rid of moles. Learn more about: Moles • There are sharp and spade-like claws in moles but not in voles. Voles look like field mice with short tails, compact heavy bodies, small eyes, and partially hidden ears. Vole damage in lawn. Like moles, voles also tunnel and create runways through your lawn. The vole, by contrast, is a rodent. There are several different types of mole traps, such as harpoon, impaling, choker, pitfall, or scissor-jawed available on the market. Vole holes can be right out in the open, or cleverly hidden under foliage or debris in the garden. Moles live underground and prefer to live solitary, isolated lives. The mole will eat worms, grubs, and adult insects. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. It is important to know the difference between mole and vole damage to the landscape. A castor oil treatment to the lawn will also repel moles and voles for about two weeks. Application in the late summer or fall is not as effective, as the older grubs will go deeper in the soil and are harder to kill. They can also make small runways underneath the surface that are about two inches in … Moles live underground in tunnels, and are predatory in nature. A vole may also damage flower bulbs and potatoes in the garden. If it rains during that time, the product will have to be reapplied. This equates to a 5-ounce mole eating 50 pounds of its prey in a year. They burrow into the ground, leaving behind unsightly mounds on your lawn that are horseshoe-shaped. Voles, on the other hand, don’t have elongated snouts. It digs characteristic volcano-shaped hills in the lawn. If a mole is present in your yard, it is usually alone as moles are very territorial and are very violent towards other moles. Thus, metal guards are sold to prevent such vole damage. How To Identify If You Have Gophers, Moles, Or Voles Digging Up Your Yard.New Mouse/Rat Trap Videos Every Sunday & Monday. Voles prefer to live in low-lying or creeping vegetation, and make trails through the grass or snow. Moles “M” are meat-eaters, and their diet consists of insects, grubs, and earthworms. So if a pest is taking bites out of your plants, you can rule out moles. Meadow voles are much larger and live most of their lives above ground, whereas pine voles are much smaller and live almost all their lives underground. Moles have very small eyes, which are concealed by fur. Here we will discuss 10 distinctions between a vole vs mole. There may be multiple residents in a vole colony, so habitat modification is important in controlling them. Voles rely on eyesight and hearing much more than smell, which is the moles primary sensory input. Unlike the predacious moles, voles are primarily herbivores and will feed on the roots, bulbs, bark and seeds of many ornamental plants and grasses. It has a long snout and sharp, pointed teeth. Either bury them or place them in plastic bags in the trash. It has an elongated head and snout, small eyes, and no external ears. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. This is the dirt excavated from the tunnel that is under the surface connecting all those mounds. Why It’s Important To Know Your Moles While moles, gophers, and voles can do damage to your property, the damage differs between each animal. Moles are about 6-8 inches long with pointed snouts, paddle-like forefeet and long claws. Moles are underground creature and they are specialized for it. Let's take the Northern short-tailed shrew (Blarina brevicauda) as an example. Posted September 27, 2019. In search of worms or grubs, moles will also uproot plant life, so another clear sign of a mole is yellowing or dead vegetation. Mole and vole elimination If, like Jeff in Manassas, you have moles making tunnels in your lawn and voles eating your spring bulbs and perennial roots, a castor oil-based mole and vole … Shrews eat insects, not plants, so gardeners should not view them as a pest. Neither of these methods is completely successful, as the moles will switch to other prey. There are many methods advertised for removing moles, such as chewing gum and vibration and ultrasonic devices that are advertised to deter them. A mole's face (in terms of what is visible to us) is just a nose and a mouth. A vole may be attracted to peanut butter as bait; a mole most likely will not. Often confused for one another, these three animals are in fact distinct and differ in their habits and destruction. Voles have rounded ears. Their fur is soft and varies from brown to gray with silver highlights. You have to sprinkle it all over the tunnel so a mole can grab quickly. The surest way to prevent moles, voles or groundhogs from coming back is to kill them. Previous. You can think of vole travel paths as ruts. The runways they leave behind in the process make for an unsightly lawn, although voles do not leave behind big mounds of dirt the way moles do. Often, however, these methods are not very effective. Other than having similar sounding names and both causing havoc to yards, voles and moles have little in common. They are not rodents, which, having a vegetarian diet, often attack our garden plants. Moles primarily feed on grubs, earthworms, beetles and … Their Ears Look Different. These are two entirely different pests, yet they’re often confused. As both pests carry infectious diseases and parasites, it is important to wear disposable gloves when handling the dead animals. Step 2 - Learn About the System. The two types of voles found in South Carolina are meadow voles and pine voles. How Do You Protect Japanese Maple Trees from Winter Damage? Nothing is more frustrating to a homeowner with a beautiful lawn than to see molehills all over the yard. Mole Damage Versus Vole (Field Mouse) Damage. Mothballs also do not work, and it is illegal to use as it is considered a misuse of a pesticide. There are a number of castor oil products sold that are advertised to repel moles and voles. Also another distinguishing factor is the depth at which the two dig their “houses’ with moles creating very complex networks of feeding tunnels under the soil surface and sleep deeper into the soil, voles prefer closer to the surface burrows with direct access to low lying vegetation. Removing weeds, heavy mulch, or dense vegetation will aid in eliminating their food source along with protection from predators. Each spring, we get several calls about moles and voles and turf damage caused by these pests. Voles prefer to take bait from under cover.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Moles have ears, but they are not easily visible. Mole Tunnels. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Moles are solitary predators that aggressively defend their territory. Moles seem to be much better known, but it’s really voles causing much of the damage chalked up to moles. Meadow voles, the most common voles in Pennsylvania, are herbivores and eat a variety of grasses, seeds, and roots. So what is the difference between a mole and a vole? Their feet are used to help them dig through the soil. However, this is where the similarities end. Two other mammals that beginners sometimes confuse with moles and voles are pocket gophers and shrews. To: Kendra Moll → in Du Quoin, IL Nov 14, 2015. Thus, they spend much of their time aboveground. 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