The federal government is paying attention to the vocational and technical training, but it is important to make the already existing vocational and technical training centres more efficient so that skilled youth could be produced. An analysis of the issues and problems suggest that: The official data shows the allocation of funds for educational projects but there is no mechanism which ensures the proper expenditure of those funds on education. Similarly, to make the youth of the country an asset, attention should also be paid to vocational and technical training. Legislation and structure should be framed to plan for the promotion of education in the country. Education also plays a role As a country, Pakistan is still in its infancy, at best, and with infancy come a multitude of issues. There is a close link between education and development. Education Policy Issues. Society’s emphasis on girl’s modesty, protection and early marriages may limit family’s willingness to send them to school. For any system to work it is imperative that relevant structures are developed. In nearly all countries, courses of the Normal School B, college, and university categories contain three main elements. It exemplifies two decades of rigorous and timely analysis of crucial strategic agendas and inter-governmental processes that influence national and regional policy community. “Pakistan may miss EFA goals by 2015-16: Report,” Daily Nation, October, 3, 2014. It exemplifies two decades of rigorous and timely analysis of crucial strategic agendas and inter-governmental processes that influence national and regional policy community. 2.Regional Disparity. The national literacy rate of male was 71% while that of female was 48% in 2012-13. Regional cooperation mechanism can also be developed to promote literacy in South Asian region. Annual Report: Pakistan Education Statistics 2011-12, National Education Management Information System Academy of Educational Planning and Management, Ministry of Education, Trainings & Standards in Higher Education, Government of Pakistan, (Islamabad, AEPAM, 2013). Currently the primary gross enrolment rate stands at 85.9% while Pakistan requires increasing it up to 100% by 2015-16 to fulfil EFA goals. Punjab literacy rate in male was 71% and for females it was 54%. • No any controlling &monitoring for whole education system. Economic Survey of Pakistan 2014, Ministry of Finance, Government of Pakistan. Since majority of Pakistani population resides in rural areas and the access to education is a major problem for them, it seems feasible that a balanced approach for formal and informal education be adopted. Efforts should be made to ensure that proper education is provided in those schools. Providing economic incentives to the students may encourage the parents to send their children to school and may help in reducing the dropout ratio. Quality and Relevance iv. The system could not be reformed according to the needs and social genre of the people. In Pakistan, after more than five decades, the developmental indicators are not showing positive results. Hence the mind-set of sending one’s children to university only for becoming officers and managers needs to be changed. The goal under Vision 2030 is one curriculum and one national examination system under state responsibility. Issues and problems in teacher education. The biggest policy issue is that we do not possess the same policy for all institutes. Unemployment of educated men and women is a major concern for Pakistan. Currently, Pakistan has the world’s second-highest number of out-of-school children (OOSC) with an estimated 22.8 million children aged 5-16 not attending school, representing 44 per cent of the … There is a need for implementation of national education policy and vision 2030 education goals. But secondary educational institutions in practice do not try to materialise those aims. 1) Different committees and commissions before and after independence have mentioned various aims of secondary education. The government should take measures to get school buildings vacated which are occupied by feudal lords of Sindh, Balochistan and Punjab. The problem arises when non-affluent families send their children to private schools, and universities. • Our educational policy changes with the political situation. Poverty, law and order situation, natural disasters, budgetary constraints, lack of access, poor quality, equity, and governance have also contributed in less enrolments. The first and one of the worse issue in Pakistani educational system is the difference of class (rich and poor). endobj One of the major issues of education system is lack of proper planning. A review of the education system of Pakistan suggests that there has been little change in Pakistan’s schools since 2010, when the 18th Amendment enshrined education as a fundamental human right in the constitution. 2545 views. Special policy planning units should be established in provinces’ education departments for implementation of educational policies and formulation of new policies whenever needed. The system includes 180,846 public institutions and 80,057 private institutions. Though 62 years have been passed and 23 policies and action plans have been introduced yet the educational sector is waiting for … Considering the gigantic problems of education in Pakistan, the researcher selected this topic for research From 13 to 16 year formally known as university education and categorically as tertiary education level .In tertiary education level students are thought in subjects of personal interests. Classes for carpentry, electrical, and other technical education must be included in the curriculum. endobj Due to the problems in education system of Pakistan, the country is lagging behind in achieving its MDGs of education. 7)      Technical Education: Sufficient attention has not been paid to the technical and vocational education in Pakistan. These include defective curricula, dual medium of instruction at secondary level, poor quality of teachers, cheating in the examinations and overcrowded classrooms (Economic Survey of Pakistan, 2002).In Pakistan efforts have been made to mould the curriculum in accordance with our ideological, moral and cultural values as well as our national requirements … <> Ammar Saleem No comment. Since education is a provincial subject, the provincial education secretariats need to be strengthened. Here you will come to know about the issues and problems of education system of Pakistan which are listed below. The rules and regulations that guide the individual and institutional interactions within the set up are also part of the education system. Education is a must for civilization. But there are various issues and problems are there in this system which are. 3)      Gender gap: Major factors that hinder enrolment rates of girls include poverty, cultural constraints, illiteracy of parents and parental concerns about safety and mobility of their daughters. Today biggest problem in pakistan is that student doesn’t know ... the country and study education system of the foresighted nations, then one can feel the real difference. Apart from formal education in Pakistan students are thought informally too. But the down trodden condition of education in Pakistan bears an ample testimony of the fact that it is unable to defend its own sector. Problems in Education of Pakistan. x��[[o��~7���G�'��7^����8�۴����}�$�"KE��?3���R�)' ... Education System in Pakistan Issues and Problems: Despite the introduction and implementation of around two dozen policies and plans, the education system … 4)      Cost of education: The economic cost is higher in private schools, but these are located in richer settlements only. Governance viii. IPRI is one of the oldest non-partisan think-tanks on all facets of. 4 0 obj Relevance with society needs, research facilities, financial crisis, arts students more than science students, weaknesses of examination, ineffective governance and academic results are not at par with international standards. The study outlines seven major problems such as: 1)      Lack of Proper Planning: Pakistan is a signatory to MDGs and EFA goals. In this regard national education policies are the visions which suggest strategies to increase literacy rate, capacity building, and enhance facilities in the schools and educational institutes. OŞJE�zs�wr�����v�u1a5ł'���S�I�\I$�"?>���� `R�^9Ѫ4��Z�������$_OZ�(�[��ZR�A�%X2��Hq��ɍ��7�X��S������~�I�]�䟆�v��J�3 _�[��2��rc��ϰaY���O�O���x��I�O��ܟ Government of Pakistan serve a huge part of GDP on education but it is less than the required. By the year 2014 the enrolment statistics show an increase in the enrolment of students of the age of 3-16 year while dropout rate decreased. Office 505, 5th Floor, Evacuee Trust Complex, Sir Agha Khan Road, F-5/1, Islamabad, Pakistan, http://www.pakistanherald.com/articles/reasons-of-low-levels-of-education-in-pakistan-3065, Internal security: Between pillar and post. There are various challenges that include expertise, institutional and capacity issues, forging national cohesion, uniform standards for textbook development, and quality assurance. The enrolment rate in Sindh province is 52%, in Khyber Pakhtunkhawa (KPK) 54% and primary enrolment rate in Balochistan is 45%. It is because of this that the quality of teaching suffers and even more so when low investments are made in teachers’ training. 2. The problems that are deep-rooted in the education system in Pakistan are lower budgetary allocation, memorization-based examination system, defective policies, implementation, lack of teacher quality, disoriented educational policy, directionless educational priorities, lack of political will, outdated curriculum, clumsy management, poor research and … Pakistan: Education for All 2015 National Review, Ministry of Education, Trainings and Standards in Higher Education Academy of Educational Planning and Management Islamabad, Pakistan June, 2014 (available at : http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002297/229718E.pdf). The system of education includes all institutions that are involved in delivering formal education (public and private, for-profit and nonprofit, onsite or virtual instruction) and their faculties, students, physical infrastructure, resources and rules. Out of school challenges include shortage of schools, distance – especially for females, insecurity, poverty, cultural norms, parents are reluctant or parents lack awareness. This system was weak, poorly managed and classified. There are a huge list of issues and problems in our education system. Problems: The issues lead to the comprehension of the problems which are faced in the development of education system and promotion of literacy. Overcoming the latter is difficult and would require a change in attitude of the people, until then universal primary education is difficult to achieve. Problems of Secondary Education Following key issues in secondary education have been identified by The World Bank: i. Mehnaz Aziz et al, “Education System Reform in Pakistan: Why, When, and How?” IZA Policy Paper No. Of the estimated total primary school going 21.4 million children of ages 5-9 years, 68.5% are enrolled in schools, of which 8.2 million or 56% are boys and 6.5 million or 44% are girls. An effective monitoring system is needed in education departments. In this article, we will focus on the serious flaws, drawbacks, and issues in the education system of Pakistan and will give the real solution to those problems as well. The MDGs have laid down two goals for education sector: Goal 2: The goal 2 of MDGs is to achieve Universal Primary Education (UPE) and by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling. Hence 31% educational institutes are run by private sector while 69% are public institutes. May 23, 2018. Counselling of parents is required, so that they can choose a career for their child which is market friendly. ... (Arabic) اردو (Urdu) Education is actually a combination of problems in our society.Primary education is not provided because there is lack of facilities and the main reason is overpopulation. The schools in Baluchistan (The Largest Province Of Pakistan By Area) are not that much groomed as that of Punjab (The Largest Province Of Pakistan By Population). 3 0 obj Social taboos and absenteeism of students preclude access of girls to secondary schools. Government as well as non-government sector should work together to promote education in rural areas. Economic Survey of Pakistan confirms that during the year 2013-14 literacy remained much higher in urban areas than in rural areas and higher among males. An analysis of education policy suggests that at the policy level there are several admirable ideas, but practically there are some shortcomings also. Pakistan. The following findings highlights causes that are responsible for the current issues in female secondary education: 1. Education is considered as the cheapest defense of a nation. Our Issues: 6. 2)      Social constraints: It is important to realize that the problems which hinder the provision of education are not just due to issues of management by government but some of them are deeply rooted in the social and cultural orientation of the people. UNDP report 2014 suggests that there has been an improvement in other elements of human development such as life expectancy, per capita income and human development index value (in past 3 years); but there has been no progress in the number of schooling years. Federal Government should play a supportive role vis-à-vis the provinces for the early compliance of the constitutional obligation laid down in Article 25-A. This approach is followed by affluent and economically stable people who send their children to private schools and abroad for education. Within Pakistan there are many common problems within schools, this includes not having proper training facilities, small … Vision 2030 of Planning Commission of Pakistan looks for an academic environment which promotes the thinking mind. However, in Pakistan, no one is serious about the issues. Pakistan is faced with a multitude of challenges in the education sector. The faculty hiring process is historically known to be politicized. Pakistan is not the only country which is facing challenges regarding promotion of literacy and meeting EFA and MDGs commitments. Contemporary issues such as health, housing, gender disparity, poverty, pressure groups, family, and community values affect education at local, national, and international levels. This may have to contribute not as much as other factors, but this remains an important factor. IPRI is one of the oldest non-partisan think-tanks on all facets of National Security including international relations, strategic studies, governance & public policy, and lawfare & economy in Pakistan. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 439.32 680.4] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Education related statistics coupled with Pakistan’s progress regarding education targets set in Vision 2030 and Pakistan’s lagging behind in achieving EFA targets and its Millennium Development Goals(MDGs) for education call for an analysis of the education system of Pakistan and to look into the issues and problems it is facing so that workable solutions could be recommended. Goal 3: The goal 3 of MDGs is Promoting Gender Equality and Women Empowerment. Main problems in education of pakistan,is lack of quality schools,syllabus,salaries of teachers are very low which does not attract the top minds in the country to join this profession Furthermore most of the poor people find it hard to survive,so their children are forced to earn a meagre earning,instead of studying.Furthermore the quality of public education is very poor,we have … Students’ academic gains are not the only criterion to judge the quality of education. In a broader definition the system also includes the institutions that are directly involved in financing, managing, operating or regulating such institutions (like government ministries and regulatory bodies, central testing organizations, textbook boards and accreditation boards). Pakistan is amongst those countries which are going through many problems of education. Knowledge of the personis more IPRI – The Islamabad Policy Research Institute. %���� This aspiration for sending children for higher education is wrong, because the country does not need managers and officers only. 6)      Funds for Education: Pakistan spends 2.4% GDP on education. At national level, 89% education expenditure comprises of current expenses such as teachers’ salaries, while only 11% comprises of development expenditure which is not sufficient to raise quality of education. Enrolment of rural girls is 45% lower than that of urban girls; while for boys the difference is 10% only, showing that gender gap is an important factor. As a result teachers are not regular and their time at school is not as productive as it would be with a well-trained teacher. Problems of access, quality, infrastructure and inequality of opportunity, remain endemic. Sharing success stories, making country-specific modifications and their implementation can generate positive results. including international relations, strategic studies, governance & public policy, and lawfare & economy in Pakistan. In FATA, the literacy rate is deplorable constituting 29.5% in males and 3% in females. There are many issues in education; some are general and are found across the globe, while others are specific to Pakistan. The reforms required in the education system of Pakistan cannot be done by the government alone, public-private participation and a mix of formal as well as non-formal education can pull out majority of country’s population from illiteracy. Monitoring System brings together technology and a robust accountability mechanism to address long-standing governance issues in education,” says Fazlullah Pechuho, Former Secretary Education and Literacy … We have also collected some valuable suggestions on how to improve the education system of Pakistan from well-known personalities as well as from teachers and students from different areas, … The study outlines seven major problems such as: 1) Lack of Proper Planning: Pakistan is a signatory to MDGs and EFA goals. In Sindh literacy rate in male was 72% and female 47%, in KPK male 70% and females 35%, while in Balochistan male 62% and female 23%. Even the Planning |Commission of Pakistan, who constitute nation’s future. %PDF-1.5 (Enrolment Ratio is 30:70) • Variety of Syllabus, • Haphazard budgets, • Improper assessment systems, • Our education is meeting industrial & social needs only. , who constitute nation ’ s engagement in War against terrorism also the... 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