Over 200 battles have been fought in the region, from 1468 b.c. The presence of the "unclean spirit" in the land (Palestine) is foretold, Zechariah 13:2, in connection with idolatrous prophets. is frequently a tool of judgment against God’s enemies, as seen against Egypt (Exodus 9:24), the Canaanites (Joshua 10:11), apostate Israel (Isaiah 28:2), and Gog and Magog (Ezekiel 38:22). But Seiss makes a good point: “Whether we take it as the mount or the valley, it makes no difference, for the mount and the valley are counted as one, each belonging to the other.”. c. I heard another from the altar saying: This voice is either an angel speaking from the altar, or the altar personified, representing the corporate testimony of the martyrs (Revelation 6:9) and the prayers of the saints (Revelation 8:3-5). (3) The second bowl: the sea turned to blood. In this chapter we have an account of the pouring forth of these vials that were filled with the wrath of God. was--Greek, "is.". . The following doxology (Revelation 16:5,6) favours this sense. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. This is one of three important battles mentioned in prophecy. Translate, "kings of the whole habitable world," who are "of this world," in contrast to "the kings of (from) the East" (the sun-rising), Revelation 16:12 , namely, the saints to whom Christ has appointed a kingdom, and who are "children of light." But A, C, and Vulgate omit it. 16:1 The Seven Last Plagues: These seven angels are messengers of wrath bringing pain and destruction. The same is promised in Hebrews 12:26: Now He has promised, saying, “Yet once more I shake not only the earth, but also heaven.” Yet, what cannot be shaken will remain. Upon the sea ( v. 3 ). And men were scorched with great heat, and they blasphemed the name of God who has power over these plagues; and they did not repent and give Him glory. : In the midst of the description of the coming battle, there is a warning to be prepared in light of Jesus’ assured victory. g. Behold, I am coming as a thief. upon men--Greek, "the men." Aaron brought up frogs; so did the magicians. c. There was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth: In these final judgments, God shakes the earth with a tremendous earthquake. blood--answering to another Egyptian plague. affrighted . The final battle, when Satan and his allies, after the millennium, make war against God (Revelation 20:7-10). Above all, we must not be “naked” – that is, without a covering, or trying to provide our own covering like Adam and Eve (Genesis 3:7), which is like filthy rags in the sight of God (Isaiah 64:6). 5. angel of the waters--that is, presiding over the waters. His kingdom became full of darkness: Some see this as a symbolic darkness. With the frogs their power ceased. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. I saw three unclean spirits like frogs coming out of the mouth of the dragon. But A, B, C, Vulgate, and Syriac omit it. 2. And I heard the angel of the waters saying: “You are righteous, O Lord, the kings of the earth and, &c.--A, B, Syriac, and ANDREAS omit "of the earth and," which clause is not in any manuscript. i. “We can only explain the similitude from the uncleanness, and the pertinacious noise, of the frog.” (Alford), ii. Contrast Revelation 7:3 , Ezekiel 9:4 Ezekiel 9:6 . Then the sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up, so that the way of the kings from the east might be prepared. a. Though the man changes, he is not savingly changed: he becomes another man, but not a new man. Abraham from the East (if Isaiah 41:2 Isaiah 41:8 Isaiah 41:9 , refers to him, and not Cyrus) conquering the Chaldean kings is a type of Israel's victorious restoration to the priest-kingdom. Some observe that three frogs were the original arms of France, a country which has been the center of infidelity, socialism, and false spiritualism. The gathering of the world kings with the beast against the Lamb is the signal for Christ's coming; therefore He here gives the charge to be watching for His coming and clothed in the garments of justification and sanctification, so as to be accepted. : If the Euphrates were dried up and made a road, massive armies from the east (nations such as China, India, and Japan) could move westward with ease. We are given the righteousness of Jesus as a garment (Galatians 3:27), but we are also called to “put on” the nature of Jesus in terms of practical holiness (Ephesians 4:20-24). They meditate revenge and are unable to effect it; hence their frenzy [GROTIUS]. Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl upon the air = introduces the final bowl judgment. 2. went--Greek, "went away." The sins were alike, and so were the punishments. Translate then, "I heard the altar [personified] saying." Aaron turned the water into blood; so did the magicians. While the false prophet, like the Holy Ghost, speaks not of himself, but tells all men to worship the beast, and confirms his testimony to the beast by miracles, as the Holy Ghost attested similarly to Christ's divine mission. men--Greek, "the men," namely, those who had the mark of the beast ( Revelation 16:2 ). . working miracles--Greek, "signs." 10. angel--omitted by A, B, C, Vulgate, and Syriac. And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent. The seals were followed by trumpets; the trumpets were followed by bowls; but there will be no more judgments upon the earth after this – it is done. . darkness--parallel to the Egyptian plague of darkness, Pharaoh being the type of Antichrist (compare Notes, compare the fifth trumpet, Revelation 9:2 ). of heaven--so B and ANDREAS But A, Vulgate, Syriac, and Coptic omit. b. Then every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. Then every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. They blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and did not repent of their deeds. And I heard another from the altar saying, “Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous, You are righteous… For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and You have given them blood to drink, : It is completely fitting that those who delighted in shedding the blood of the saints should now be forced to drink. It will match the appearance and sickening character of the blood in a dead body. kings of the east--Greek, "the kings who are from the rising of the sun." d. Great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath: The fall of Babylon (the great city) is more explicitly described in Revelation 17 and 18. DURHAM, several centuries ago, interpreted the drying up of the Euphrates to mean the wasting away of the Turkish power, which has heretofore held Palestine, and so the way being prepared for Israel's restoration. To such wild, contradictory, and mutually destructive notions are men driven once they depart from the letter of what is written.” (Seiss), ii. Revelation 16, Sutcliffe's Commentary on the Old and New Testaments, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary represents 40 years of Sutcliffe's exegetical comments and Hebrew and Greek analysis. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. The Lord is now no longer He that shall come, for He is come in vengeance and therefore the third of the three clauses found in Revelation 1:4 Revelation 1:8 , 4:8 is here and in Revelation 11:17 omitted. (1) Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl upon the air, and (2) a loud voice came out of the temple from the throne, saying, "It is done." great--so B, Vulgate, Syriac, Coptic, and ANDREAS. REVELATIO 16 COMME TARY EDITED BY GLE PEASE The Seven Bowls of God’s Wrath 1 Then I heard a loud voice from the temple saying to the seven angels, “Go, pour out the seven bowls of God’s wrath on the earth.” 1.BARNES, “And I heard a great voice out of the temple - A loud voice out of the temple as seen in heaven (notes on Rev_11:19), and that … “The combination of thymos and orge connotes the strongest kind of outpouring of divine judgment.” (Walvoord). In that day it was 1,800 miles (2,900 kilometers) long and anywhere from 300-1200 yards (275-1,100 meters) wide. b. A foul and loathsome sore came upon the men who had the mark of the beast, : Those who worshipped the beast and received his. And the third poured out his bowl into the rivers and the fountains of the waters, and they became blood. 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