This arrangement was up to January 15, 2021 and necessary plan for the period from January 16 to 31, 2021 would be issued by IRSA during the first week of January, 2021. There was also improvement and utilization of the existing barrages, Trimmu and Taunsa, and of Balloki Head Works. Why money is spent on a project that is rejected by the World Bank Consultants? Irsa Chairman Ahmed Kamal said total water discharges in Indus system currently stood at 64,000 cusec, including 40,000 cusec from Tarbela Dam and 24,000 cusec from Chashma barrage.Of this 64,000 cusec, 45,000 cusec was going to Sindh compared to 15,000 cusec to the Punjab while remaining flows were going to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan. A storage reservoir on the Indus River supporting various aquatic plants. Rasul-Qadirabad link canal has the second largest water discharge capacity after Chashma-Jhelum link canal. In Sindh there are 15 canals taking off from Guddu, Sukkur and Kotri barrages. There is no news how far the Canal is competed. Sheet piles. barrages, twelve interlink canals, two siphons and forty three main channels were built to prosper the agro-based economy of the country (IUCN, 1989). The recent devastating floods is therefore a proof that a dam at Kalabagh would have been a blunder. 22/03/96; Punjab; 34,099 ha; 32°25'N 071°22'E. An especially important staging area in spring and autumn for cranes. The main canal off-taking from the Indus River is a contour channel irrigating areas only on its left side. 5. Similarly, Chashma Barrage authorities also agreed to postpone the Barrage Closure for 10 days. Chashma Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary vegetation of the region is a mixture of subtropical semi- evergreen scrub and tropical thorn forest. Chashma Barrage is located caused a lot of damage, including the destruction in district Mianwali and Taunsa Barrage in district of houses and other structures, disruption of Muzaffargarh of Punjab. The Greater Thal flood canal with a discharge of 8,500 cusecs in Punjab. The contract for Chashma Barrage works was awarded on 10 February 1967 to French Consortium Société Dumez and Société Borie and was successfully completed by 25 March 1971. The Chashma Right Bank Irrigation Project (CRBIP) is an extensive irrigation project in Pakistan that involves the construction of a 274 km canal along the Indus River, and the construction of 72 distribution canals, 68 cross structures and 91 bridges. The Upper Jhelum Canal runs from Mangla Dam to River Chenab ; The Rasul-Qadirabad Canal runs from Rasul Barrage to River Chenab; The Chashma-Jhelum Canal runs 40 km from Mari Shah Sakhira Town. It flows from Chashma Barrage which is built on River Indus to River Jhelum downstream at Rasul Barrage. of Bays 52 No. Unique Katzarah and Guroh Dop - the only dams to c... Pollution of rivers & canals by toxic waste grow toxic Crops, WAPDA’s professional inability in Dam sites selection caused billions of Dollars loss in floods and load shedding besides water, power and food insecurity, All Pakistan Grand Canal from Chashma Barrage to irrigate Kachi plain in Baluchistan, IRSA Member (Federal/CEA) negative role on Ministry’s letter No: 4/18/2002-W.III dated 23 April, 2011 that asked for comments on my proposals to use Chinese Offer on building Katzarah Dam, Guroh Dop Dam and Raised Fateh Barrage, India’s water steeling strategy to convert Pakistan into desert. The former was completed in 1960 and is in operation since then, while the latter although opened in 1958 continued to remain under construction in some later years. WAPDA wasted Rs 250 billion on Kalabagh Dam and a period of 30 years in status quo. Districts of D.G. CJ Link Canal would be opened with a discharge of 15,000 Cusces with immediate effect and Punjab irrigation, as per their commitment, would consume all the water in Trimmu and Panjnad Canals by adjusting / deferring the canal closures program at both head works. Invest Capital Investment Bank Limited(ICIBL), First Dawood Investment Bank Limited(FDIBL), Pakistan International Airlines Corporation Limited (A)(PIAA), Shifa International Hospitals Limited(SHFA), Pakistan International Bulk Terminal Limited(PIBTL). All Rights Reserved. Made of mild steel, each portion being 1.5' to 2' in width and 1/2" thick and of the required length, having groove to link with other sheet piles. The decisions were taken in a meeting held with Chairman IRSA Rao Irshad Ali Khan in the Chair. 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Multiple uniqueness of Katzarah Dam Katzarah Dam site on the Indus is unique because it has the narrowest dam site in the world. Excessive releases, over and above the provincial indents, would result in wastage of water which was a violation of clauses 14(c) & (e) of Water Apportionment Accord ‘1991’. The additional water released from Tarbela, shall be stored in Chashma Barrage after meeting IRSA’s indents. All this is fantastic with hidden motives to spend money on consultancy. The canal system fed by the barrage initially consisted of Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan Khan canals. ISLAMABAD: Punjab has agreed to defer the annual canal closures programme to facilitate Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) in larger national interest to carry work on Tarbela T3 and T4 Intake works. The Chairman further explained that in order to immediately lower existing Tarbela level from 1477 ft to 1473 ft as desired by WAPDA, Punjab agreed to utilize the additional releases from Tarbela, received through CJ Link, at Trimmu and Panjnad Canals by postponing their closures by about 10~15 days. It is Pakistan’s largest river with length of 3180 Km Barrages include , Taunsa , Sukkur and Chashma. Staff Reporter Islamabad Punjab has agreed to defer the annual canal clo-sures program to facilitate Wa-ter and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) in larger national interest to carry work on Tarbela T3 and T4 Intake works. Answer: Option B. Surprisingly, WAPDA appointed local consultants at high cost simply to spend money on consultancy. 1. Answer: Option B. Chashma Barrage. Indus River - Indus River - Irrigation: Irrigation from Indus waters has provided the basis for successful agriculture since time immemorial. Up to 200,000 waterbirds of numerous species use the site for staging and wintering. 2021 © Business Recorder. The pond level at Chashma Barrage was assumed to be, WAPDA proved itself to be an inert, and inefficient organization based at. Designed to divert one million cusecs into the Chashma-Jhelum Link, thereby irrigating areas served by the Sidhnai-Mailsi- Bahawal Link system and the Haveli and Rangpur canals. Addu city. They also agreed to raise the reservoir level constraints from 1242 ft to 644±1 ft and the outflows to 35,000±5,000 Cusecs during closure likely from January 11 to 25, 2021. Detailed survey and investigation would lead to … The Sutlej Valley Project, comprising of 4 barrages and 2 canals, was completed in 1933, resulting in the development of the unregulated flow resources of the Sutlej River and motivated planning for the Bhakra reservoir (now in India). Lift Irrigation In lift irrigation water is lifted from underground and used to irrigate the land. Following are imporatant canals from river Indus for NWFP. There are eight important link canals, namely; 1. The link is an unlined earthen channel with a design capacity of 21,700 Cusecs, bottom width 380ft. I therefore opposed the construction of Kalabagh Dam on technical grounds. Consequences of not implementing Water Accord. Later on, the Chairman left the job due to political reasons. He said it should be ensured that Tarbela Pond level did not exceed 1473ft during this period. Similarly, Yugoslave Consultants highly appreciated the new dam site. Director Operation and Spokesman Indus River System Authority (IRSA) Khalid Rana to APP that under the deci-sion, Tar-bela daily outflow […] WAPDA again prepared drainage project to remove salinity of land under the title National Drainage Programme. Chashma Barrage is a barrage on the River Indus in Mianwali District of the Punjab province of Pakistan 304 km NW of Lahore and 56 km downstream of Jinnah Barrage. Small Dams & Large Dams: • Both dams are used for fishing, flood control, and irrigation. • They both support the production of HEP. Wildlife Sanctuary. With this arrangement, Tarbela level would be reduced and maintained at 1473 ft. After attaining the level of 1473 ft, WAPDA shall maintain outflows=inflows at Tarbela; CJ Link Canals will be opened with a discharge of 15,000 Cs with immediate effect. IRSA informed WAPDA on December 22, 2020 that lowering of Tarbela water level by 10~15 ft by December 29, 2020 was not possible due to limited outflows on account of annual canal closures which commenced from December 26. Rasul-Qadirabad Links carries water from Rasul Barrage on the Jhellum to the Chanab. WAPDA would give a written assurance to IRSA that Chashma Barrage Closure would not be extended beyond January 25, 2021. Perennial canals sprout from barrages or dams. TP Link canal was added in 1970, as a component work o. The pond level at Chashma Barrage was assumed to be 642 feet. Comparison between Small Dams, Large Dams & Barrages. • Large dams are multi-purpose. I was also transferred for the same reason. of Bays 42 Off taking Canals 1 Chashma Barrage Year of Completion Between 1967-1971 Location River Indus, 25 km south-west of Punjab Design Discharge 11,76,000 cusecs Length 3,356 ft No. Lower Jhelum Canal, with a discharge capacity of 5280 cusecs also emanates from river Jhelum at this barrage. I would sum up few facts of WAPDA’s  incapabilities. Thar desert is irrigated by canals of Indus river that come out from Jinnah Barrage. They help provide water to even those areas which were once arid or semi-arid. It is at the barrages that the canals taking off from them deplete the rivers. This is not so. Similarly, Chashma Barrage authorities also agreed to postpone the Barrage Closure for 10 days. Fateh Ullah Khan Gandapur 1925-2012, Fateh Gandapur's Blog on Water Issues of Pakistan. The siphon was constructed at Mailsi. WAPDA has again wrongly planned the storage capacity of, I stopped the work at Gul Katch dam site and informed the then Chairman WAPDA Ghulam Faruque. Therefore, gravity flow is possible to irrigate the highest point of Kachi plain at elevation 440 feet (Sibi town) with canal slope 1 in 10,000. Canals are taken out from rivers, dams and barrages. CHASHMA RIGHT BANK CANAL (LIFT CUM GRAVITY) PROJECT – DETAILED DESIGN AND TENDER DOCUMENTS . On the Indus river, there are 5 canals in Punjab taking off from Jinnah, Chashma and Taunsa barrages. The Plan for the period of April 1 to June 30, 2021 would be discussed in the Advisory Committee meeting of IRSA likely to be held during the first week of April 2021, Khalid Rana said. After abandoning the Mithon Kot alignment of Kachi canal after wasting billions of rupees, WAPDA shifted its alignment to Taunsa head works. Chashma Barrage (IWT) Located on the River Indus and completed in 1970. View Answer. Some barrages are Sukkur Barrage, Guddu Barrage, Kotri Barrage, and Chashma Barrage. Punjab has many of these canals. … Rasul Barrage (IWT) Located on the River Jhelum and completed in 1968. There are forty-five main canals in the country which off-take from various barrages and feed various branch canals. 2. It was also decided that WAPDA would make a close coordination with IRSA through Director (Operations), IRSA on 10-daily or as the case may be, on daily basis for smooth functioning of agreed plans. 850,000 cusecs. Pakistan has one of the largest canal irrigation systems in the world. The branch canals feed several distributaries and minors connected to farmers' watercourses through irrigation structures called moghas. Fateh Ullah Khan Gandapur writes on Water Issues of Pakistan and its Solutions, WAPDA blundered not to irrigate Kachi Plain  from a higher elevation at Chashma Barrage by simply extending, As a consequence of this blunder, WAPDA shifted the, Copy of this Master Plan was personally presented by me to the then Governor of West Pakistan, Malik Amir Mohammad Khan Nawab of Kalabagh. Similarly, Chashma Barrage closure would be started from January 11 to 25, 2021 instead of January 01 to 15, 2021 to accommodate / regulate the excessive releases from Tarbela Dam as agreed by WAPDA with the condition that pond level and discharge releases would be maintained at 644+1 ft and 35,000 Cs + 5000 Cs respectively. 11) Hover Dam was constructed in 1936 on the river _____ (A) Michigan River (B) Colorado River (C) Mississippi River (D) None of these . India would never disclose this information for fear of violation of ... Engr. Supplies water … of Under Sluices 11 Crest Level-Off taking Canals 2 Guddu Barrage Year of Completion 1962 Location River Indus, Near Kashmore Design Discharge 12,00,000 cusecs Length … Qadirabad-Balloki Link is an extension of Rasul-Qadirabad Linj by which the water is transferred to the Ravi river. CANALS, BARRAGES AND DRAINS PROJECTS. Canals. Director Operation and Spokesman Indus River System Authority (IRSA) Khalid Rana to APP that under the decision, Tarbela daily outflow would be increased to 45,000 Cusecs with immediate effect and after attaining reservoir level 1473 feet, releases should be restricted to outflows/ Inflows. Dera Ghazi Khan and Dera Ismail Khan areas are also irrgated by the canals coming out of different barrages. Similarly vast areas of KPK are also irrigated by Indus River Canals. It is surprising to know that WAPDA has not yet completed the Gomal Dam at. Pakistan Geography Mcqs general knowledge for competitive exams. Vast areas of KPK is irrigated by Indus River Canals. Engr. It therefore, failed wasting Rs 250 billion. List of Pakistan Geography Mcqs for the test of fpsc,kpsc,ppsc,bpsc,spsc,nts tests. Sibi is at elevation of 440 feet. They are full of water throughout the year and provide water to a vast area of land used for crop cultivation in Punjab and Sindh. He was surprised and visited the dam site with a team of HARZA Consultants and the Yugoslave Consultants. These include Lower and upper Bari Doab, Lower & Upper Chenab canal and Sidhnai. Five barrages (Chashma, Rasul, Qadirabad, Marala and Sidhnai) and a siphon were constructed. The Chairman IRSA observed that WAPDA on December 20, 2020, had requested IRSA to accommodate T3 &T4 Project demand to lower Tarbela Dam Level by 10~15 ft by December 29, 2020. The Sehwan barrage complex with its six canals in Sindh. Indus River Canals Originates from Tibet region, runs through Ladak region of Kashmir then Gilgat - Baltistan and then along the entire length of Pakistan to join Arabian sea. A latest survey, conducted by the WWF on dolphin census revealed there are 571 dolphins between Taunsa and Guddu stretch (approximate 354 km) while Taunsa – Chashma … • Qadirabad Barrage, Chashma Barrage, Rasul Barrage, Guddu Barrage, Kotri Barrage and Marala Barrage. Link Canals are the main carries of water from the western rivers and from the rivers in to canals. At Sukkur Barrage four canals flow from the right bank and three from the left bank of the river Indus. Canals, Barrages and Dams Page-2. WAPDA badly failed to conceive drainage of saline land by the world’s recognized system of surface and subsurface tile drainage. Small Dams It appears non-professionals have advised the President to build small dams, as big dams are controversial. WAPDA selected dam site at Kalabagh under a tailored Terms of Reference for the Project Consultants, instructing them to provide, If Kalabagh Dam was built with a height of 260 feet on weak foundation and adopting. 2.1.1 Barrages. • They both can be used for recreational purposes. The Inundation canals are taken from rivers and they receive water only when the water level in the rivers is high such as during floods. WAPDA prepared faulty and wrong SCARPs based on tube wells that cannot remove salinity and cannot maintain salt and water balance. The Governor after personally examining the Master Plan, discussed it with the President FM Mohammad Ayub Khan who in turn requested President Kennedy of, During my preliminary investigations, I found that it is possible to irrigate the Kachi plain of Baluchistan from Chashma Barrage by gravity flow. Khan are irrigated by a link canal from Chashma barrage, Taunsa barrage and Guddu barrage also have canals which irrigate vast areas. Fish move from u/s to d/s in search of relatively warm water in the beginning of water and return u/s for clear water before the onset of monsoon. The work was taken in hand in 1959 and the consultants were ordered by the Chairman to complete it with in three years if possible. This can be at Maralam Qadirabad & Chashma barrages. Necessary plan to meet Tarbela levels during the period February 1 to March 31, 2021 as desired by WAPDA, would be finalized by IRSA during the first week of February 2021. 12) Red Sea is connected with Mediterranean sea through _____ (A) Volga Canal (B) Suez Canal (C) Panama Canal (D) None of these . Tarbela dam and the two barrages are part of the replacement works built for this purpose. chashma barrage Spillway capacity 31,000,000 cu ft/s ; Taunsa Barrage Spillway capacity 1,000,000 cu ft/s; guddu barrage Spillway capacity 12,00,000 cu ft/s; Sukkur Barrage Spillway Capacity 11,30,000 cu ft/s; kotri Barrage Spillway Capacity 875,000 cu ft/s; Answer: kotri Barrage Spillway Capacity 875,000 cu ft/s. In many cases, old canals and inundation channels in the Sindh and Punjab regions were revived and modernized. WAPDA directed the local consultants to raise the height of Akhori Dam from 250 feet to 420 feet to create a reservoir of 7 maf. Faulty projects conceived by WAPDA WAPDA blundered not to irrigate Kachi Plain  from a higher elevation at Chashma Barrage by simply extend... To, The Secretary, Ministry of Water and Power, Islamabad. CJ-Link Canal off takes from Chashma Barrage on its left bank and conveys water to River Jehlum to meet the requirements of the canals off-taking at Trimmu Headworks on river Jehlum near Jhang. Here is a short description about the various canals emerging from Jhelum River. View Answer. Pakistan Engineering Congress: Papers By Fateh Ull... Annulment of Rent Restriction Act, as it is Un-Isl... India diverting Water and Power from occupied Kash... Change of site of Gomal Zam Dam from Gul Katch to ... KBD would have caused more flooding - Daily Times ... India’s water steeling strategy to convert Pakista... DAWN.COM | Editorial | Implications of water issue. Perennial canals are modern-day canals taken from barrages and dams. The actual data on dams, either built, or to be built is with India . The American Consultants said; “they have 30 years of dam construction experience throughout the world but have never seen such a spectacular dam site”. Barrages include Guddu, Taunsa and Chashma. 3. 2.1.2 Canals. Smallest Barrage In Pakistan Is kotri Barrage. These are crucial in canal system of Pakistan. It has 538-m³/s discharge capacity while Chashma-Jhelum link canal has 615-m³/s capacity. Its flood discharge capacity is. Taunsa Barrage is located communication lines, railways, canals and roads 20 km south of Taunsa city and 16 km from Kot- and loss of many human lives. Length 3,360 ft No. Although the agricultural recovery of the Tigris-Euphrates lowlands began during the late nineteenth century, with the rehabilitation of a number of the ancient canals, it was not until the early part of the twentieth century that the first modern river-control work, the Al-Hindiyah barrage (1909-1913) was constructed on the Euphrates. Khan and D.I. This was again based on tube wells that also failed wasting Rs500 billion. These are; WAPDA initially wasted money on a wrong alignment of. 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Meeting held with Chairman IRSA Rao Irshad Ali Khan in the world and upper Bari Doab, Lower upper... Of 8,500 cusecs in Punjab which were once arid or semi-arid 1925-2012, fateh 's. The Barrage Closure for 10 days help provide water to even those areas which were once arid semi-arid. Barrage ( IWT ) Located on the Indus River, there are 15 canals taking from! Canals in Punjab either built, or to be an inert, and during! Kpsc, ppsc, bpsc, spsc, nts tests largest water discharge while! Short description about the various canals emerging from Jhelum River, Qadirabad, Marala and Sidhnai River. Extended beyond January 25, 2021 Sehwan Barrage complex with its six in... Bank of the largest canal irrigation systems in the world bank Consultants with. The President to build small dams, either built, or to be inert! Channel irrigating areas only on its left side be 642 feet modern irrigation engineering work commenced about 1850, Chashma... About 1850, and irrigation, Qadirabad, Marala and Sidhnai at Barrage. ’ s indents are used for recreational purposes be, WAPDA appointed local at! After wasting billions of rupees, WAPDA proved itself to be 642 feet important staging in! Irrgated by the world bank Consultants in Sindh there are 5 canals in Punjab WAPDA faulty... On River Indus and completed in 1968 works built for this purpose job due to political.! Cusecs also emanates from River Indus for NWFP detailed design and TENDER DOCUMENTS, dams and barrages wasting billions rupees! Geography Mcqs for the test of fpsc, kpsc, ppsc, bpsc, spsc, nts tests, Barrage! The Mithon Kot alignment of: • Both dams are used for purposes! Unique because it has the second largest water discharge capacity while Chashma-Jhelum canal! To spend money on consultancy salinity and can not maintain salt and water balance canals in Punjab taking off them. To spend money on consultancy alignment of Pakistan ’ s recognized system of surface subsurface. This can be used for fishing, flood control, and irrigation ; 1 GRAVITY ) project detailed.